Cervical dislocation in adults, symptoms, treatment, consequences
The displacement of the vertebrae the most common injury of the spine in medical practice. When the diagnosis is confirmed by the displacement of the vertebrae of the cervical, therapy is carried out immediately. The spine is one of the main parts of the human body. If violated the integrity of the skeleton, there are serious deviations in health.
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The symptoms of displacement
The main symptom of displacement of the vertebrae — the pain emanating from the cervical spine. To visit the hospital not dealt with many citing limited mobility, fatigue and other factors. Symptoms of cervical dislocation are expressed clearly. The most common manifest as:
- Constant headaches, passing in the hemicrania;
- "Sluggish" and "lethargic" condition;
- Pain localized in the neck that radiates to collarbone or chest;
- Variations in mental state (manifested in unfounded nervousness, frequent mood shifts).
Upon detection of these symptoms you should immediately make an appointment with a neurologist. Manifested symptoms after days, weeks, years. To serve the education of pathology is capable of an old injury or other abnormalities of the spine.
- See also: instability of the cervical spine
The displacement of the cervical vertebrae, the symptoms and further treatment can occur due to congenital fragility and weakness of bone tissue. If you long to be in an uncomfortable position, there is a risk of deformation of the cervical vertebra. Another cause of the displacement of vertebrae in the cervical spine is low back pain.
Developing pathology of the spine gives rise to a violation of the skeleton, destroys the Central nervous system that leads to paralysis of the body in General or a specific area.
The disease can develop in the "free motion", that is, selects an unpredictable direction, based on the reason for the formation of the disease. Children may experience hypermobility: this is a small offset disks that disappears after some time.
The offset of the first vertebra
The violation in this region is causing serious problems for the body. Consequences of spondylolisthesis are:
- The compression of the nerve endings;
- The decrease in the volume of the spinal canal;
- The spinal cord is subjected to high compression;
- The organs begin to work with disabilities.
- Deteriorating blood circulation in the affected area;
- The functioning of the auditory ossicles in the middle ear becomes unstable.
This stage entails discomfort in the form of headaches, unstable nervous condition, worsening sleep, increased intracranial pressure, chronic fatigue, often loss of consciousness. If the time to be diagnosed, which appeared deviation quietly eliminated by a massage mostly relaxing nature. The elderly upon detection of such changes should sign up for the treatment to the trauma, avoidance of exacerbations, can seriously harm your health.
The offset of the second vertebra
Here problems observed in the frontal region, the auditory and ocular nerves, the ear cavities and eyes. Manifests as allergies, fainting, fighting the sensations in the ears, blurred vision. Is the development of the disease the presence of cervical degenerative disc disease or injured spine. Shifting, he narrows the spinal canal and compresses the spinal cord, as a result, it becomes inflamed and manifest neurologic dysfunction.
The disease shows itself after some time: it can take a month or a few days. Treatment occurs in stages, constantly monitoring how you recover damaged functions of the Department. The technique is selected separately for each patient based on the severity of the injury and overall condition of the body.
The offset of the fourth vertebra
This pathology compresses the nerve roots, the spinal cord and gives rise to the process of inflammation. In the acute stage the increased risk of paraplegia. When the spinal cord begins to loseits functionality, there is a "radicular pain" shooting, or jerking, resembling a discharge of electricity.
Often the disease is mistaken for scoliosis or degenerative disc disease. Do not confuse them. These ailments deform one or several departments. The offset also provokes a shift of one or more vertebrae and is well localized.
Sometimes, after the appearance of herniated discs, the vertebrae begin to shift, narrowing the spinal canal, which is accompanied by nascent in the inflammatory process affecting the spinal cord, and compression processes of the nerves, which engenders enormous pain in the damage area. If there is no adequate treatment can develop: arachnoiditis, abscess of the spinal cord.
- See also: Chiropractic neck.
As can be seen from the practice, if a lesion amenable to low layers of the spinal cord, may affect the nervous system, supporting homeostasis: increased body temperature, feeling of "lump in throat", cause discomfort during eating. If you manifest any of the signs of an urgent need to visit the hospital for a rehabilitation course.
The offset of the sixth vertebra
The sixth cervical vertebra is in direct connection with the nerves of the neck, therefore there is often long-term inflammation of the pharyngeal and Palatine tonsils, and may be acute or chronic. In addition, there may be complications:
- The pain in the clavicle;
- Neurological problems of the muscles of the neck;
The injury of the lower spine division is often combined with damage to the upper part, resulting in:
- The involvement of the peripheral neurons carrying motor function;
- Disruption of motor coordination triceps;
- To the loss of skin sensitivity, and adjacent to the site of muscle damage;
- Strong radicular pain;
- Short-term respiratory and heart rate.
This amount of displacement requires immediate examination by a neurologist for an accurate diagnosis and set an appropriate therapy. Typically, you apply the step by step conservative therapy, including thorough control of the results and state of the body. But if the pain continues to increase, the symptoms become pronounced, will need surgery.
The offset of the seventh vertebra
Dysfunction of this vertebra is the inflammation of the synovial bags, there are abnormalities in the thyroid gland, because the nerve roots is closely associated with it. As a result, there is unbearable pain in the neck, both in the workplace and in a relaxed state. Reason of acts of trauma or swelling in the neck, muscle spasms caused by severe overexertion of muscle tissue.
- See also: How to fix the displacement of the vertebrae.
The displacement of the vertebrae back can be caused by factors:
- A herniated disc;
- Spinal arthritis;
- Wounds in this region.
The process of entrapment occurs when the compression of nerves by the displaced vertebra. That is why there is severe pain, often accompanied by anxiety and anxiety.
A violation occurs when there is more than 2 vertebrae at a time, starting to shift in 1 direction. The disease appears:
- In case of arthrosis;
- Violations of statistics;
- Degenerative change in the spinal segment.
To identify this disease is obtained by radiological methods. A combined version of the pathology involves the loss of also a large number of vertebrae, but in a different direction. Before the disease was diagnosed, only reaching a critical level, but for now, if you do not delay the visit to the hospital, it is impossible to detect in the initial stage.
- See also: injury to the cervical spine, how to treat?
The disease occurs equally in men and women, but more often are exposed to people who experience frequent physical exercise and persons over 50 years. This age is characterized by reduced adaptability of the body and changes it on the contrary, increase.
When the treatment is conservative or surgical method. In the first case used medications intended for pain and inflammation, physiotherapy, therapeutic exercises and special locking semi-rigid support to distribute the load from the damaged part of the whole skeleton evenly.
Diagnosis and treatment
How to treat the displacement of the vertebrae in the cervical spine? Only under constant supervision of doctors and after diagnosis. Given the reasoncaused pathology prescribe surgery or non-surgical therapy. Diagnosis of the disease do trauma or orthopedic surgeons. They carry out palpation and if it is detected that the pain in the neck, it is assigned a x-ray or MRI.
Using these methods of diagnosis, the doctor determines the location of the affected part of the spine, which establishes the extent and nature of the illness and what caused its development. Comparing this data, the specialist selects the appropriate therapy.
When non-surgical therapy is used:
- Acupuncture — it works on specific points in the body;
- Manual therapy — activation of the active points with the help of hands;
- Physical therapy — effects on the body current, laser, magnetic fields;
- Therapeutic exercises.
Surgery is reserved with the strongest bias. The operation is aimed at strengthening of the skeleton and repairing functions of the vertebrae by means of special plates or pins. This shift can cause irreparable harm. Possible complications and further planning of therapy are determined by which vertebrae was injured. Often pathology interferes with the normal functioning of organs leading to their damage.
If assistance is provided professionally, and method of treatment chosen correctly, the disease begins to fade and progressive violations will cease to develop. Most importantly — do not self-medicate. At the slightest hint and symptoms of displacement of the vertebrae, with pain in the neck do not delay — go through the necessary examination and prevent the appearance of such unpleasant diseases.