Physical therapy for instability of the cervical spine, video
The weakness of the ligaments and joints of the joints leads to their displacement, resulting in the need to apply exercises with instability of the cervical spine. The upper part of the spine up to 20-25 years continues to form. At this time, the injury to him most dangerous – he'll never be in the anatomically correct position, and his articulation is pathologically shifted easily. Health of this section of ridge is very important for the blood supply to the brain for successful completion of inclinations and rotations of the head. It is therefore required to protect the neck from injury, and to prevent disease preventive measures.
The upper part of the spine consists of seven vertebrae, the offset of which is as a result of injuries, age-related changes or disease is called instability. The neck is the most movable part of the spine, however, the system is absolutely stable due to intervertebral disks. The destruction of one segment of this system is impossible to fix the neck for a long time in one position. Deviation from the standard provisions of the joint 3-4 mm, with the accompanied by pain, is considered a pathology that adversely affects health.
The content of the article
Healing through non-surgical methods – chemical, biological and physical – is called conservative treatment. When this problem occurs, surgical intervention isn't necessary because conservative methods will help to get rid of the source of the disease, for example, complex physical therapy, in the absence of stability. Not to bring the case before the operation, it is possible to do the following actions:
- Use growdigital orthopedic fixture for fixing the upper section of the spine (helps in the prevention of myositis, osteochondrosis, injuries, lack of stability, relaxes muscles, eliminates pain and discomfort, relieves the joints, normalizes blood circulation);
- When severe pain of the affected area to resort to analgesic drugs;
- To relieve inflammation with special preparations;
- To apply physiotherapy treatment;
- Massage problem areas;
- Using acupuncture or moxibustion to the affected areas;
- To enlist the help of physiotherapy (physical therapy).
Heal physical therapy
In the absence of stability in the cervical region there is pathology in the movement of the joints when the normal amplitude of movements are excessively enlarged. While the brain suffers from lack of blood supply and deteriorating condition of the upper extremities. This requires special attention from the physical therapy, because it is in such cases should aim to stabilize the mobility of joints and ligaments of the Healing exercises in this pathology it is best to do before you start any work, as the muscles need to prepare for the load. If the patient does not have time to perform the full range of physical therapy, the doctors recommend at least a few movements to put pressure on 5-6 times on the head of the opposition in the different areas: temples, forehead, neck, chin.
The complex of rehabilitation exercises to resolve the problem, it is necessary to develop together with the doctor, and perform their best under the supervision of a coach.
Be sure to pay attention to the tempo and the number of actions increased smoothly, without creating congestion for the affected area. This method of healing is quite simple to perform the basic positions of complex physical therapy for instability of the cervical spine. To do best, every day, several times. Some of the movements require special tools, which are easy to buy or make yourself, but you can also use the exercise equipment in hospitals.
To fulfill the complex needs to be taken seriously, as at the time of development of instability is necessary to resort to growdigital, causing the muscles begin to "lazy". Remember that to pick their own complex of medical gymnastics, as the patient may not know what actions he can perform, and what is unacceptable when it is diagnosed. To achieve the effect from classes, to perform tasks of the coach in physical therapy will have at least six months.
To start the healing activity a must with a warm up that will set the body in the desired fashionand gently let him down for the future physical stress. "Warming up" of the neck is produced by tilting and turning it to the right and to the left. The execution of movements is done smoothly, without haste, each of them is repeated at least 10 times. Too quick action can worsen the condition, for example, the intervertebral discs will compress nerve roots, will begin a severe headache or an attack of hypertension. Exercises for instability of the cervical vertebrae should not harm, and support.
Warming up the injured area must continue in a smooth and slow rotation of the head in a circle, it prepares the body for further exercise. The principle of therapeutic exercises is to warm up the muscle and ligaments, without making any sudden movements. Classes while performing therapeutic exercises can be of the following kinds:
- Slowly and gently tilt your head forward while pressing on his head with both hands in the opposite direction to the neck had to overcome resistance;
- Slowly and gently tilt the head back, while pushing on the back of the head for strengthening of counteraction;
- Slowly tilt your head left and right, with the effort of crushing the hand in the desired direction on the head;
- To produce rotation of the head, creating a counter;
- Neck slightly to draw in the shoulders and both start to tilt the head back and to seek as close as you can to move your chin to your chest.
Also when heating you can use the job with a small power load (after consulting your doctor and trainer), which should not harm the affected areas. To perform them you need to press very hard on the forehead with your hand, not allowing the head to lean forward (repeat the job requires at least 6 times). After heating the neck region can start to warm up the shoulder, while not forgetting to consult with experts. Without making head movements, should be 10 times to raise and lower the upper arm.
Performing a warm-up, you need to carefully monitor your physical status. If there is a deterioration of health status, is required to immediately stop training and consult a doctor. In the case when movements do not cause discomfort, the patient can begin to implement the main complex. Most importantly – do not do anything that causes pain in the affected area, carefully follow the recommendations of the doctor and the coach, all of the jobs to make slowly and carefully.
The complex of therapeutic exercises
To enhance the curative effect of therapeutic physical exercise will have to resort to using a special machine. The patient can own hands to create this device for training.
At the pharmacy, bought a special belt-clip for lumbar-sacral spine. This semi-rigid corset neatly captures the spine, grasping the pelvis, lower back and part of the chest, limiting his mobility, protects the muscles against overload. Belt keeps in one position and the upper part of the spine, when the patient performs exercises of torso. With this latch it is convenient to make the slopes up and down, right and left. Such a simple device greatly improves the efficiency of running jobs and does not allow the patient to inflict self harm. You can't miss classes, do they have regularly for one to two months of rehabilitation course. Work on problem areas in a corset, the implementation of tilting in different directions is the most efficient method at restoring stability of the joints. In this case, and strengthen ligaments and muscles, and vertebrae, as well as weaken the symptoms of the disease and leaves the pain.
Another effective set of exercises need to know everyone who wants to do physical therapy for instability of the cervical. The patient rests against the wall, as close as possible pressed against her upper spine; the neck does not to push back for 10-15 seconds; then the patient is pressed against the wall of his forehead, right temple, left temple, while performing the same actions. Strengthen the stability of joints occurs during performance of the operation, a friend from school of physical education – the chin is pressed tightly to the sternum, then his head slowly rises to the original position; repeat 6-15 times without straining too much muscle.
With a rubber band
The next task is performed with the help of elastic tape, rubber bandages; folded in half fixture ends attached to the wall, and a loop put on the forehead; the patient is working on the exercise in a sit position with his back to the wall, a few minutes, he overcomes the pressure of the bandage. Making head turns from side to side, it is necessary to act very carefully and slowly, all the time listening to their feelings (the joints can be crackled, but it does not matter if there is no pain syndrome).
muscle, for developing "frozen" joints" alt="Frozen joints" width="800" height="400">
Another useful task does not cause difficulties in execution, it is developing a "frozen" joints, warms up muscles, the patient gently rolls his head from right to left and Vice versa, with the chin pressed against the sternum and rolls along it following the movements of the head. The head is gently lowered to the chest, chin touches the sternum, then gradually returns to the original position and throw back a little back, but should not be too much to bend the neck in the opposite direction. The patient was working on this job at an average pace, slowly, starting position - hands on waist, then the shoulders in a circular motion going up and back, while the elbows are pushed back to the maximum, we must strive to move the blades and try to touch the elbows; these movements very much, straighten the spine, removes the feeling of stiffness in all its departments.
Stretching of the neck muscles
Head to tilt back, from this position, touch the right side to the right shoulder, the same action to produce and on the left side; to run at a slow pace, without jerks, tilts in each direction to produce a few times, carefully listening to their feelings. Starting position – sitting on chair, straighten the back, head upright and gently rotate it left and right as far as it allows the flexibility to repeat to each side 5 or 6 times; this strengthens the muscles and stabilizes the neck region. Starting position – same as in pradedem head to keep straight; gently tilt the head, gradually with the effort of pressing the chin to the sternum; repeat at the end point pauses for 2-3 seconds, resting his chin in his chest.
- Suggest reading: exercises for the neck
Starting position – sitting on chair, hands lowered along the body, to keep your head straight, slowly tilt your head back, holding the neck tight, this task stretches "lazy" muscles, increases flexibility of joints and relieves pain inter vertebral discs.
Work to restore the stability of all joints of the spine can not be done quickly. It is a long process that requires preparation, attention to detail, patience and consistency in their actions. Patients should remember that exercises for instability of the cervical spine and the timely beginning of work on the problem areas helps more effective than late surgery. Regular execution of the simplest elements of the recommended physical training prevents further displacement of the vertebrae, stabilize their situation and saves the patient from the appearance of more serious health problems.