Underwater spine traction: benefits, contraindications, effects
A progressive method of treatment and prevention – underwater spine traction is gained in the recent years even more popular, as the spinal traction in the water it's quite simple, efficient and pleasant for patients procedure. It is recommended by physicians as a remedy for joint pain and back pain, various diseases of the musculoskeletal system. Pathology associated with joints and back trouble are beginning to appear as the elderly and young, rich leading the movement of life, and cause inconvenience in the age of rapid rhythm of life.
Underwater stretching the spine allows you to achieve greater success and lasting positive results with the combination of this therapy with medication.
Underwater traction is shown to hold almost everything, because the success of this therapy lies in the fact that in warm water at gentle load on the spine relaxes the muscular apparatus of the body, a relaxed muscular system allows to increase the intervertebral distance.
The content of the article
The essence of underwater traction
Underwater spine traction is complex effects simple or enriched with mineral salts of the water and the weight of the body of the patient which leads to improved blood flow in General and nutrition of bone cells in the intervertebral discs. Usually underwater stretching the spine is assigned as the prevention or the treatment of intervertebral hernia, which is formed in cartilage disks due to the development of pathological changes.
This process begins to occur due to increased tension of the fibers of the connective tissue capsules of the drive due to critical compression of the disk by the vertebrae between which it is located, as is evident in the strong reduction of the intervertebral and dorsal muscles. This reaction works as a protection against excessive mobility of the vertebrae: the reduction, the muscles bring and fix parts of the spine, but also affected by too much pressure on the disk, and the disk capsule can not cope with the load of the hernia is formed.
- Suggest to read: traction of the spine a herniated.
To eliminate physiological locking of the muscles is possible only by applying a specialized method of force on your back muscles, because they need to relax naturally, with medicines the full effect is impossible to achieve. Procedure underwater traction of the spine is well constrained solves this problem, as during traction under water the ligaments of the vertebrae are stretched, which leads to decompression (reduction of the ambient pressure) is sandwiched vertebral discs, and the warm water is actively relaxes fiber muscles, thus, underwater spine traction occurs safely and without special effort on the part of the patient.
Allows the traction to increase the intervertebral distance, disappears compression of blood vessels and nerve roots, respectively – decreases swelling, and symptoms of disease, pain and symptoms associated with neurology subside.
Accompanying the mechanism of therapeutic effects of traction on the spine is that when you stretch the adjacent vertebrae is achieved by a vacuum effect in the region of the intervertebral disc, and this contributes to retraction inside the hernia. This is the essence of the method is to reduce the size of a hernial diverticulum.
- See also: Kyphosis of the spine.
When prescribed underwater traction
Water traction method gives excellent results in the treatment of such pathologies as:
- Intervertebral hernia any part of the spine, the most effective traction in the treatment of hernia, localized in the lumbar region;
- Back pain chronic and subacute course and the backache;
- Syndromes associated with nerve roots and sciatica;
- Joint disease in the sacroiliac joints (ankylosing spondylitis) in primary degree.
Effectively stretching the spine in the water and in the treatment of spondylosis, degenerative disc disease and some other diseases, causing deformation of the spine.
- Recommended reading: stretching of the spine a herniated and degenerative disc disease
When underwater traction can not be carried
Underwater spine tractioncontra-indications, when:
- The disease is accompanied by acute pain;
- Discovered the hernia sekvestirovanii education;
- Expressed abnormal mobility of the spine;
- Revealed compression of the spinal cord and impaired his circulation;
- Diagnosed with or have a propensity for osteoporosis;
- Patients aged over 60 years;
- The patient's obesity, and it has a weight more than 100 kilograms;
- In the spine there are tumor foci;
- Diagnosed with tuberculosis of the bone;
- The patient has severe disease of the heart or lungs;
- The patient is prone to bleeding of a different sort;
- There is skin diseases;
- People have infectious disease;
- Previous injuries to the spinal column or it had surgery;
- Unbearable procedure specifically for the patient.
Therefore, to independently assign itself an underwater spine traction and try to get to the procedure you should not. It should be used only after a thorough examination the doctor and on his recommendation, otherwise may cause injury.
The ways and modes of procedure
Traction is produced in two ways: vertical underwater traction of the patient's spine and horizontal.
Vertical is conducted in a dedicated pool depth in human height is approximately 2-2. 5 meters. The patient is fixed with belts on a rack and immersed in water on the chin, sometimes to the lower extremities are attached to the cargo. This method is called "along the Mall".
Horizontal the procedure was carried out by one of three options – Lisunova, Oliferenko and Kiselyov. The traction is held in the shallow pool, or the patient immersed in a bath: the patient is placed on a specially adapted Board, and then, observing a certain angle, dipped it into the water, this angle is governed by the degree of stress on the vertebrae. During horizontal traction the head of a man fastened a strap to the top edge of the shield, and the legs are not tied.
Traction doing in fresh or enriched with mineral salts water. Traction in water, saturated with minerals, is usually offered to patients in the sanatorium. Good therapeutic effect evidenced by the procedures in radon, sodium chloride, hydrogen sulfide and turpentine tub.
The procedure can be performed in two modes: continuous loading of traction, and AC, when at a special temporary scheme is alternate stretching and relaxation.
How is the procedure
Water for the procedure is heated to 33-35°C and put a man there for five to seven minutes for the adaptation and relaxation of muscles of the body. Then the patient is fixed on a special shield or on the frame, and starts the pulling. First two or three treatments-no extra load in the form of goods, the spine stretching is carried out under the weight of the weight of the patient. Session traction lasts 5-6 minutes.
If by the third session the patient tolerate the procedure satisfactorily, with each session he increase the load by 1-2 kg, and stay in the water for 60 seconds. For females, the greatest load is 8-10 pounds for men – 15-18 pounds. The maximum session duration is 10-12 minutes. Once it reached the maximum values of the cargo and the time of the session, and this is the middle of the course of traction, the duration and the load on the lower vertebrae in the reverse order.
- Be sure to read: the dry traction of the spine
At the end of each session the patient must stay in the water for another 5-6 minutes, then it gradually raise to the water surface, resulting in a horizontal position. After this, the patient should be in the next hour lying on the hard – the couch or floor Mat. And then the vertical position. After the session the back is always fixed with an elastic corset.
The entire course of treatment is 10-12 procedures with an interval of 1 day, that is, for treatment to approximately 3 weeks.
Testimonials from patients who have experienced treatment underwater spine traction, indicate that the method not only gives a stable result in the treatment of diseases of the back, but a nice bonus – corrects posture and after each procedure traction the whole body feels amazingly easy, in addition, a method is painless and the procedure itself is pleasant.
In Russia, the treatment of the spine traction, underwater successfully practiced for more than fifty years local doctors used it in the treatment of many diseases associated with malfunction of musculoskeletal system.