Osteochondrosis with radicular syndrome: what is it, symptoms, treatment
Recently osteochondrosis with radicular syndrome quite often. What it is, is familiar to many who were paralyzed by a sudden pain in the chest, neck, shoulders, lower back. Most often they are symptoms of this disease, which affects the roots of the spinal nerves.
As they are responsible for the operation of the diaphragm, muscles, internal organs, skin nerve endings, when damage symptoms:
- Partial violation of the mobility;
- Decreased muscle tone;
- Pallor (cyanosis) of the skin.
But all this may indicate the presence of other diseases, so to put a diagnosis of degenerative disc disease alone is impossible. It is better to consult a specialist who can accurately identify the disease, to choose the necessary treatment.
The content of the article
Osteochondrosis develops gradually and imperceptibly for the patient. With approximately 25 years, there are various physiological changes of the arteries that supply the intervertebral discs. They begin to zaustaviti, disturbed nutrition and metabolic processes slow down, leading to degenerative changes of the intervertebral discs.
The older the person becomes, the more likely he ossification of cartilage and the intervertebral tissues, the appearance of bone spurs, age, mobility of the vertebrae. This increases the chance of occurrence of an osteochondrosis with radicular syndrome.
In addition to the factors causing the disease include:
- Obesity, a result of excess weight on the spine increase by the additional load;
- Unbalanced load at a constant walking in heels;
- Congenital (acquired) deformity of the spine;
- Injuries of the spine;
- Excessive load;
- Poor diet, eating large amount of salted, smoked, fried food;
- Frequent infection.
Radicular low back pain may occur in any region of the spine in people of all ages. Most often it is diagnosed in patients 40 years and older patients (older than 70) occurs in 80% of cases.
The types of the disease
Depending on the localization of the lesion of the nerve endings of the roots of the spinal osteochondrosis with radicular syndrome can be of three types.
- Lumbar (sacral);
For all their characteristic pain syndromes that manifest with different intensity depending on the degree of degenerative changes in the intervertebral discs and the pain threshold of the person.
- Suggest to read: types of osteoarthritis, degree and symptoms.
Lumbosacral radicular low back pain
The most common type is the degenerative disc disease of the lumbar spine. On the spine in the lumbar region are the largest load, and the muscles are usually weak and therefore the lower back suffers the most.
What roots are affected, lumbar osteochondrosis with radicular syndrome may have the following symptoms:
- Sharp pain in the groin or thigh. This may experience numbness of the skin -1, 2, 3 root;
- Dull pain in the sacrum or lower back, radiating to the knee, Shin -4 ;
- Intense pain radiating to the thigh, Shin, foot, numb big toe -5.
In this type of degenerative disc disease of the lumbar spine pain occur on one side, and usually gradually subside, if the patient lies motionless. For relief of the condition, it is recommended to wear a special brace.
Cervical radicular low back pain
Cervical osteochondrosis with radicular syndrome is quite rare. It usually diagnosed in people with a pinched artery spinal nerve roots. As a result of insufficient supply of oxygen is oxygen starvation that causes cervical radicular syndrome. The intensity and character of pain and symptoms depends on which of the eight cervical roots affected.
If the patient suffers from cervical radicular syndrome at the level of the first and second spine, the more often he experiences severe headaches, which are permanent, and accompanied by numbness in the occipital and parietalhead.
However, when running the second defeat of the spine, you may experience a decrease in muscle tone of the chin, sagging skin.
Patients with affected third spine pain in the right or left side of the neck accompanied by numbness of the skin. Patients cervical-radicular low back pain have feelings of swelling of the tongue with one hand, while he may experience difficulties when speaking and swallowing. With cervical radicular syndrome of the fourth spine of the reasonable person experiencing unilateral shoulder pain, clavicle, scapula. If you suffer fifth, shoulder pain become more intense and affect the neck. The shoulder may feel numb and arm felt fatigued.
Osteochondrosis roots from the sixth to the eighth experiencing the most severe pain. Which can lead to a decrease in muscle tone and immobility of the hand. It should be noted that cervical-radicular low back pain will not pass on their own without treatment, and it should start as early as possible.
Thoracic radicular low back pain
Osteochondrosis of the thoracic spine is second after a lumbar. A characteristic feature is the pronounced for. Pain attacks usually start suddenly with coughing, sudden movement, awkward postures.
- I advise you to read: pain in the shoulder blade when coughing
The pain may be localized in the chest, in the blades or wear surrounding the character. Depending on the lesion of symptoms may be as follows:
- The syndrome first aching pain and numbness of the skin in the scapular region, passing on the inner side of the hand;
- For violation of from the second to the tenth the pain is surrounding the character from the chest to the shoulder blades;
- When radicular syndrome eleventh and twelfth - numbness and sharp pain from chest to groin.
Due to the nature of the pain and symptoms of thoracic osteochondrosis with radicular syndrome is often confused with heart attacks. But unlike the latter, the syndrome can lead to death of the patient. Usually pain with radicular syndrome do not cease after taking the heart medications and worsen with movement, strong cough. But the risk is still not worth it and the appearance of symptoms of pain better to take a cardiogram.
Be sure to read: cough in osteochondrosis of the thoracic spine.
How to treat
Changes in the nerve roots are irreversible, but thanks to a healthy lifestyle, therapeutic physical training can significantly reduce the consequences of disease. Treatment is usually performed medically way and is aimed at eliminating painful symptoms. In the acute period of the disease, patients are assigned not only treatment, but complete rest.
There are many unconventional methods used in the treatment of this degenerative disc disease. It: acupuncture, various types of massage, special gymnastics. But any treatment must be arranged with your doctor.